Osteoporosis is a condition characterized by a decrease in the density of bone, decreasing its strength and leading to fragile bones. osteoporosis literally ends up in the abnormally porous bone that’s compressible, sort of a sponge. This disorder of the skeleton weakens the bone and ends up in frequent fractures (breaks) within the bones. Osteopenia, by definition, is a condition of bone that’s slightly less dense than normal bone however not to the degree of bone in osteoporosis.
Normal bone consists of protein, collagen, and calcium, all of that provide bone its strength. Bones that are affected by osteoporosis will break (fracture) with a comparatively minor injury that normally wouldn’t cause a bone to fracture. The fracture is either in the form of cracking (as in a very hip fracture) or collapsing (as in a very compression fracture of the vertebrae of the spine). The spine, hips, ribs, and wrists are common areas of bone fractures from osteoporosis though osteoporosis-related fractures will occur in nearly any skeletal bone.